Source: A EUROSTAT press office
In 2014, average hourly labour costs in the whole economy (excluding agriculture and public administration) were estimated to be 24.6 in the European Union (EU) and 29.2 in the euro area (EA18).
However, this average masks significant gaps between EU Member States, with the lowest hourly labour costs recorded in Bulgaria (3.8), Romania (4.6), Lithuania (6.5) and Latvia (6.6) and the highest in Denmark (40.3), Belgium (39.1), Sweden (37.4) and Luxembourg (35.9).
Within the business economy, labour costs per hour were highest in industry (25.5 in the EU and 32.0 in the euro area), followed by services (24.3 and 28.2 respectively) and construction (22.0 and 25.8).
In the mainly non-business economy (excluding public administration), labour costs per hour were 24.7 in the EU and 29.1 in the euro area in 2014.
Labour costs are made up of wages & salaries and non-wage costs such as employers' social contributions. The share of non-wage costs in the whole economy was 24.4% in the EU and 26.1% in the euro area, with the lowest in Malta (6.9%) and Denmark (13.1%) and the highest in Sweden (31.6%) and France (33.1%).