526,000 recruitments planned in Veneto in 2023, +4.8% over 2022. Difficult to find 50% required profiles

The employment programmes of companies surveyed by the Chamber of Commerce system in Veneto and in the provinces of Venice, Rovigo and Padua.


Economy - published on 02 January 2024


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Source: press office Unioncamere del Veneto

Pozza, Unioncamere del VenetoGap between labour demand and supply could cause a slowdown in growth in the coming years. The Veneto Chamber system is strongly committed to accompanying young people to the world of work with good school orientation. Important to choose the most useful path in the changing world of work.

Venice, 29 December 2023 | Over 5.5 million new hires planned by Italian companies in 2023 with permanent or fixed-term contracts lasting more than 30 days; 330 thousand more than in 2022 (+6.4%) and almost 894 thousand more than in 2019 (+19.4%).

This is the scenario outlined by the 2023 Annual Bulletin of the Excelsior Information System, produced by Unioncamere and Anpal1.The flow of planned entries exceeds 1.6 million units in the North-West regions, followed by the regions of the South and Islands with just under 1.5 million hirings and the North-East with 1.3 million.

Veneto

The Excelsior survey is an important tool for knowing the needs of our companies and the profiles in demand – commented Unioncamere Veneto President Mario Pozza and for guiding the choices of young people entering the world of work. If the employment trend in the private sector this year remains positive, despite less favourable economic conditions in the second half of the year, the employment mismatch continues to increase. Almost half of all job searches are difficult to fulfil and skilled workers are hard to find. And this could cause a slowdown in the economic growth of several sectors in the coming years. As the Veneto Chamber of Commerce system, we are implementing several initiatives to reverse this trend, starting with accompanying young people to the world of work with good school orientation. It is important to help them to be aware of current dynamics and employment opportunities and to choose the most useful path in a changing world of work. We are also strongly committed to internationalisation and knowledge of markets and related opportunities, with a key role played by the Italian Chambers of Commerce abroad.

In Veneto, the number of hirings planned by companies in 2023 is over 526 thousand, about 25 thousand more than in 2022 (+4.8%). The positive trend in labour demand therefore continues, albeit at a lower rate of growth than in the previous two-year period (73 thousand more than in 2019, +16%). The improvement in Excelsior’s indicators is in line with the main labour market indicators recorded by ISTAT, which in September 2023 reported an increase in the employment rate (+2.2 points compared to September 2022) and with the employment market trends released by Veneto Lavoro. According to the latest data, in the period January-November 2023 the balance of the private dependent labour market in Veneto is positive for +48,200 employment positions and, thanks to the good performance that characterised the first part of the year, it remains at higher levels than those recorded in the same period of both the previous year and 2019.

The growth in demand for labour is, however, accompanied by greater difficulty for companies in finding the desired profiles, which in 2023 will affect 50% of planned entries. The problems companies face in finding staff reflect the intertwining of various factors and very heterogeneous situations across the territory.

The data for 2023 compared to the previous year show above all an increase in the mismatch linked to the lack of specific professional profiles available for insertion in the company, which rises from 28.4% in 2022 to 33.1% in 2023; the share of the qualitative mismatch, i.e. the inadequacy of the skills possessed by candidates compared to those expected by companies, is confirmed as 12% of the total of planned entries.

The positive trend of employment in the private sector is mainly attributable to the tourism sector, which exceeds 106 thousand planned hirings (+10 thousand compared to 2022 and +22 thousand compared to 2019), trade, over 77 thousand contracts (respectively, +10 thousand and +7 thousand), transport services (40 thousand hirings), business and personal services (38 thousand) and construction (36 thousand).

In 2023 managerial, highly specialised and technical figures will account for around 15% of the recruitment planned by companies, with a concentration in market relations technicians (15,000) and health technicians (8,000); clerical and qualified professions in commerce and services represent the largest group, with almost 200,000 new recruits expected (around 40% of contracts), with the most sought-after profiles linked to tourism and commerce (restaurant and catering workers with over 86,000 new recruits and sales workers with almost 45,000 new recruits).

The macro-group of specialised labourers and plant operators presents a demand of almost 163,000 units; in the lead in demand are motor vehicle operators (25,000 hirings), followed by specialised construction finishing workers and industrial product assembly workers (both 14,000 entries). Finally, among the unskilled occupations (a total of 84 thousand applications), cleaning service workers and goods moving and delivery workers cover almost 90 per cent of the group’s employment needs.

Companies also assess the skills possessed by job applicants: digital skills are considered most important for candidates with a tertiary education (at 69%), rising to 77% in the case of business-oriented degrees, 90% in industrial engineering and 96% in the case of the ICT address of the ITS Academy. This address is also associated with the highest importance for skills related to ‘4.0 technologies and applications of artificial intelligence’ (67%) and the use of mathematical and computer methods (81%).

The demand for green skills is evenly spread among the different educational levels (around 40% of recruitments), but it exceeds 50% in the case of the tourism-hotel diploma.

In 2023, the possession of a tertiary level of education (degree or ITS Academy diploma) is required by 12% of job applicants, a secondary level of education is the preferred level of education for two-thirds (70%) of entrants, while for only 19% of contracts do companies consider compulsory schooling alone to be sufficient.

The qualifications most in demand for tertiary education are those with an economic orientation (more than 18,300 of the planned recruitments), followed at a distance by those with a teaching and training orientation (7,160) and those with an industrial engineering orientation (5,330). Among secondary school diplomas, companies are mainly looking for administration, finance and marketing (48,480 planned entries), while among vocational qualifications/diplomas, those related to catering (44,290), mechanics (39,890) and logistics (25,190) prevail in companies’ searches.

Young people up to the age of 29 account for 32.3% of total entries. The sectors most oriented towards younger people are retail trade, with 45% of entries aimed at the younger component, and accommodation and food services including tourist services with 39%, followed by metal and metal products industries with 36%.

The difficulty in finding young people concerns 49% of the planned entries. Among the under-30 figures that companies find most difficult to find are specialised construction finishing workers (82% the hard-to-find rate), toolmakers blacksmiths (76%), vehicle drivers (73%) and programming technicians (73%).

 

Province of Venice

The employment programmes of companies highlight, with differences that vary from one province to another, the usual difficulties in finding personnel that everyone is already aware of and whose causes have already been sufficiently analysed with the necessary remedies still to come – comments Massimo Zanon, president of the Venice Rovigo Chamber of Commerce, who goes on to say – the most extraordinary thing remains, in the face of all the difficulties that exist, the desire to undertake, to plan for the future in order to continue to grow and to continue to be in the market by creating, with job opportunities, income for families and wealth for the country.

In the province of Venice, the hirings planned by companies for 2023 stand at almost 114,000, with a positive growth trend of greater intensity than both regional and national figures (+20,000 hirings equal to +21.7% compared to 2022 and +24,000 hirings equal to +26.6% compared to 2019).

It is the tourism sector that drives the demand for employment with about a third of the requests for incoming professional figures; this is followed by the trade sector with almost 17 thousand hiring forecasts and operational services supporting businesses and people, with just over 10 thousand requests.

Among the professional figures in demand, those related to tourism stand out: shopkeepers and workers in the restaurant business 30 thousand, 52% of which are difficult to find for companies. Also in demand in the province are sales workers (12,000, only 1 in 4 are difficult to find) and unqualified personnel in cleaning services (11.8 thousand, 40% difficult to find).

Overall, the professional figures sought by Venetian enterprises are difficult to find in 47% of cases, which is slightly lower than the regional average. The difficulty is linked for 31% to a lack of candidates and for 12% to inadequate preparation.

The most sought-after tertiary education qualifications are those with an economic orientation (3,650 of the planned recruitments), followed at a distance by those with a health and paramedical orientation (690) and those with a teaching and training orientation (670).

As far as the demand for graduates is concerned, companies are mainly looking for staff in administration, finance and marketing (10,650 planned entries), while among vocational qualifications/diplomas, those related to catering (16,700), logistics (4,750) and mechanics (4,650) prevail in companies’ searches.

30.3% of planned entries are for young people up to the age of 29. The sectors most in need of young people are trade, with 48% of entries, construction (36%), cultural, sports and other personal services (32%) and tourism services (30%).

Province of Rovigo

The province of Rovigo presents an employment requirement of companies in countertendency with respect to the dynamics observed both in the region and at a national level. Planned recruitments in 2023 stand at 19,740, a decrease compared to the figure recorded in 2022 (-2,340 entries equal to -10.6%).

However, when compared to 2019, this year’s dynamic is also positive for businesses in Rovigo with a growth in requests for professional figures of over 3,000 units (+19.3%).

The sectors with the highest number of entries in the province in 2023 are other services (3,870 entries), followed by trade (2,630), tourism (2,580), other industries (2,530) and engineering and electronics (2,420).

As far as professional figures are concerned, the most sought-after are restaurant and catering workers (2,340), unskilled personnel in cleaning services (1,630), unskilled moving and delivery personnel (1,410), sales workers (1,360) and drivers of motor and animal-drawn vehicles (1,290).

The difficulty of recruitment is reported most strongly by the companies in the province of Rovigo: they indicate this for 50.2% of the planned recruitments, in line with the regional figure of 49.8% but higher than the national figure (45.1%). The difficulty is linked for 33% to a lack of candidates and for 12% to inadequate preparation.

Also for the province of Rovigo, the most popular qualifications for tertiary education are those with an economic orientation (370 of the planned recruitments), followed by those with a healthcare and paramedical orientation (290) and those with a teaching and training orientation (260). In terms of graduates, companies are mainly looking for people in administration, finance and marketing (1,520 planned entries), while among professional qualifications/diplomas, companies are mainly looking for people in mechanical engineering (1,820), logistics (1,140) and catering (1,130).

Of the planned entrants in the province, 28.9% are young people up to the age of 29. The sectors most in need of young people are trade (42% of entries) and tourism (41%).

Province of Padua

The survey data – is the comment of Antonio Santocono, President of the Padua Chamber of Commerceconfirm the positive trend in employment, but at the same time draw attention to the worrying growth of the gap between demand and supply of labour in our territory. Job positions that are difficult to find have now exceeded the ‘psychological threshold’ of 50%. This is a transversal issue, which affects many sectors: construction and metallurgical industries experience this problem even more markedly than in the IT and electronics industries, with which this phenomenon is generally associated. The figure of the skilled worker has now become difficult to find in almost three out of four cases. The survey also confirms the demand for skills from companies, which are increasingly looking for profiles with an ITS diploma, which in 71% of cases cannot be found. As a Chamber of Commerce, we have decided to invest significantly in the development of these pathways, also through dedicated tenders for the funding of scholarships.

The employment requirement in the province of Padua for 2023 stands at 87,220 expected entries, a decrease of -1.9% compared to the 2022 figure (88,880 entries). However, the dynamic is positive when compared to 2019, when the employment forecasts of companies in the province were 79,250 (+10% 2023 on 2019). At a sectoral level, the greatest demand for employees concerns the trade sector (13,360 entries), followed by accommodation and catering and tourist services (13,270), other services (7,330), transport, logistics and storage services (6,760) and construction (6,200).

Among the professional figures in demand are those linked to tourism: shopkeepers and workers in the catering industry are in demand for more than 11,000 recruitments, which are difficult for companies to find in 54% of cases. Companies in Padua also require figures linked to sales (more than 6 thousand entries, about 1/3 difficult to find), unqualified personnel in cleaning services (5.7 thousand, 36% difficult to find. Overall, the professional figures sought are difficult to find in 51.1% of cases, a figure slightly higher than the regional average, influenced by figures such as drivers of motor and animal-drawn vehicles, which are difficult to find in 68% of cases. The difficulty is linked for 33% to a lack of candidates and for 13% to inadequate preparation.

The most sought-after qualifications for tertiary education are those with an economic orientation (3,370 of the planned hirings), followed at a distance by those with a teaching and training orientation (1,780) and graduates in industrial engineering (1,130). As far as graduates are concerned, companies are mainly looking for personnel in administration, finance and marketing (8,070 planned entries), while among the professional qualifications/diplomas, those related to mechanics (6,520), catering (5,3040) and logistics (4,110) prevail in companies’ searches.

32.5% of the planned entries are for young people up to the age of 29. The sectors most in need of young people are trade, with 44% of entries, tourism services (43%), construction (36%), metal and metal products industries (36%) and the manufacture of machinery and equipment and means of transport (32%).

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