Sovramonte: nature, history and tradition

The territory is rich in itineraries, ancient routes and old customs


Promo - published on 07 December 2023


Source: Press Office Presidency of the Chamber of Commerce of Treviso - Belluno | Dolomites

Sovramonte is a municipality in the province of Belluno, comprising the hamlets of Sorriva, Zorzoi, Servo, Fàller, Aune, and the villages of Salzen, Moline, and Croce d’Aune. It is located in a strategic position, as it is only a few kilometres from Feltre, Canal San Bovo and Fiera di Primiero, and about fifty kilometres from Belluno and Bassano.

The municipality is also partially within the Belluno Dolomites National Park, so there are numerous itineraries of naturalistic importance, such as the final section of the Alta Via n. 2, which allows one to appreciate the area of the Vette Feltrine, including Mount Pavione and the Busa delle Vette.

Not only natural, Sovramonte retains a respectable historical value. In fact, it is crossed by the Claudia Augusta Altinate, a branch of the Via Claudia Augusta.
The latter was built between the 1st century B.C. and the 1st century A.D. on the initiative of Drusus, general of Augustus, and completed by Emperor Claudius, with the aim of opening a route to Germany through Austria .
In Italy, the route has two starting points from which routes converge in Trento: one variant starts from Ostiglia (MN) and passes through Verona; one from Altino (an ancient Roman city today identifiable with Quarto d’Altino, in the province of Venice) and passes through Valsugana. It is this second section that is known as the Claudia Augusta Altinate and passes through Sovramonte, particularly in the hamlets of Aune and Servo and the village of Salzen.

Another route of historical interest is the Via dello Schenèr: initially a path, it later became a wider route connecting the Feltrino area and the Primiero Valley. Of uncertain date, since it was travelled over the centuries by shepherds, wayfarers, and religious people, it was most clearly used under the Venetian Republic (the route passed by the Schenèr Castle, used by the Republic as a customs post). Today, the route is partially practicable (since it is interrupted by the road), starting from Bettola (Zorzoi) and arriving at Pontet.

In terms of typical products, Sovramonte also demonstrates a deep connection with history. In fact, the first mention of the Prussian apple, a variety imported from Prussia by some emigrants from Fàller, dates back to the early 20th century. Even today, in the same hamlet, apple orchards are cultivated and apples are promoted and disseminated.

Equally important historically is the bean, a well-known legume traditionally grown on the Lamonese and Supramontino plateau. In addition to its variety of uses in the kitchen, an ancient custom is linked to it: the Menestra de San Dordi, a bean soup prepared for the first time in 1631 in Sorriva, as thanksgiving for the end of the plague epidemic that struck the village that year and as a vow to St George to protect the inhabitants from the disease in the coming years. Since then, the menestra has been cooked annually by the families of the village, who take turns, and distribute it among the inhabitants.

 

In the background, Monte Pavione and Monte Vallazza

 

Translated by Dr Giada Gubert
Intern at the Chamber of Commerce of Treviso – Belluno |Dolomites

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